UPES Operations & Materials Management Assignment -1 Question and Answers

UPES Operations

UPES Operations & Materials Management

Q1. In decision-making theory the next step after implementing the best possible alternative is to:

  1. Develop Alternatives
  2. Develop results
  3. Monitor the results
  4. Implementation

Q2. ___ costs are incurred in assessing the level of quality attained by the operating system.

  1. Prevention
  2. Appraisal
  3. Operating
  4. Failure

Q3. Factor point rating for location decision is a method based on

  1. Subjective factors
  2. Production cost
  3. Transportation cost
  4. Composite rating

Q4. Site visits to potential vendors, laboratory tests of a new product, and investigation of possible product specifications are part of formal information search.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q5. Once accepted by managers, forecasts should be held firm regardless of new input since many plans have been made using the original forecast.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q6. The naive approach to forecasting requires a linear trend line.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q7. In a X-bar chart, one constant used for determining control limits is D4

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q8. Outsourcing tends to improve quality but at the cost of lowered productivity.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q9. Level zero in a bill of materials is accorded to finished product

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q10. Basic research, applied research and development are all part of the product life cycle.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q11. The principal activity in all production operations is to convert inputs into outputs that satisfy consumer wants.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q12. Acceptance sampling is for supplier audit

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q13. In most acceptance sampling plans, when a lot is rejected, the entire lot is inspected and all defective items are replaced. When using this technique the AOQ is not affected, but the AQL is improved.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q14. Adequacy audit is carried out to verify adequacy of knowledge

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q15. Payments, warranties, delivery dates, as so forth are examples of a purchase’s terms and conditions.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q16. Change in demand pattern over a long span of time is called seasonal influence

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q17. Inventory decisions are strategic decisions

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q18. Maria is a pharmaceutical sales representative that calls on hospitals. She is taking on a new territory, and she is trying to learn the internal influences on each hospital’s culture. Then she should consider lead users with respect to internal influences.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q19. A plant has an annual fixed cost of Rs. 1, 00,000 and a variable cost of Rs. 2000. If the product can be sold for Rs 3000, the breakeven quantity is 75

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q20. The machine is an input?

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q21. Lead users tend to accelerate the diffusion of information through infrastructure, which is labelled as a market push.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q22. Competitive bidding is used for local purchase

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q23. Modular design is a form of standardization.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q24. For products in the introduction stage of the product life cycle the engineering and R&D likely to be key functions influencing the purchase decision.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q25. The types of individuals who work in the organization represent the organization’s macrosegment.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q26. The process improvement technique that sorts the “vital few” from the “trivial many” is Pareto analysis.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q27. A bottleneck operation is an operation with the highest task time

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q28. In high-tech markets, head of a department is most likely to recognize a problem or need to purchase.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q29. A suitable chart for controlling fraction defective is c chart

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q30. Reference groups have an external influence on organizational buyer behaviour.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q31. The environment of certainty is a condition in which certainty of outcomes of all alternatives is known

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q32. Exponential smoothing is a method based on time series

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q33. Mass production is based on the division of labour.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q34. Trend adjusted exponential smoothing uses double smoothing to add twice the forecast error to last period’s actual demand.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q35. Productivity is defined as the ratio of input to output.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q36. Fatigue is a reason for the error in inspection improper sampling

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q37. Productivity is defined as the ratio of output to input.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q38. Outputs of operations may be classified as goods, raw materials and profits.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q39. The time required for the production of a component is called lead time

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q40. A record of all the components of an item, the parent component relationship and usage quantities is called BOM

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q41. The strategy includes both organizational and functional strategies.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q42. Services often don’t fit simple yield measurements.

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q43. Delphi method of forecasting is a technique based on the judgement

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q44. The first key responsibility of purchasing function is analysis

  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE

Q45. If two potential suppliers can deliver a part with the same quality and prices, the selection should be based on:

  1. Age of the firms
  2. A coin flip
  3. Outside evaluation
  4. The capabilities and flexibilities of the firms

Q46. Multifactor productivity considers

  1. One input
  2. More than one input
  3. Only labour and machine
  4. Only monetary input

Q47. Which of the following is NOT a reason that companies are depending more on their suppliers?

  1. More focus on core competencies
  2. Need for more flexibilities
  3. Desire to share risks
  4. More control over their suppliers

Q48. The production database containing information about each of the components that a firm produces or purchases is the

  1. work centre master files
  2. routing files
  3. item master files
  4. control files

Q49. Differentiation piece rate system was the contribution of

  1. Taylor
  2. Gilberth
  3. Henry Gantt
  4. None of the above

Q50. If a sample of items is measured and the mean of the sample is outside the control limits the process is

  1. out of control and the cause should be established
  2. in control, but not capable of producing within the established control limits
  3. within the established control limits with only natural causes of variation
  4. monitored closely to see if the next sample mean will also fall outside the control limits

Q51. The c-chart signals whether there has been a

  1. gain or loss in uniformity
  2. change in the number of defects per unit
  3. change in the central tendency of the process output
  4. change in the percent defective in a sample

Q52. A productivity increase in one operation that doesn’t improve the overall productivity of the business isn’t

  1. worthwhile
  2. trivial
  3. competence-destroying
  4. an order winner

Q53. Assuming no safety stock, what is the re-order point (R) given an average daily demand of 50 units, a lead time of 10 days and 625 units on hand?

  1. 550
  2. 715
  3. 450
  4. 475

Q54. Objectives of purchase include

  1. Right quality
  2. Right quantity
  3. Right time
  4. All the above

Q55. A suitable chart for controlling defects is

  1. C chart
  2. X-bar R chart
  3. P chart
  4. Np chart

Q56. Low-level coding means that

  1. a final item has only a few levels in the BOM structure
  2. it is the code for the missing items
  3. a component item is coded at the lowest level at which it appears in the BOM structure
  4. the top level of the BOM is below level zero and that BOM’s are not organized around the finished product

Q57. Which of the following functions interacts with a purchase?

  1. Production
  2. Inventory division
  3. Legal
  4. All the above

Q58. Increasing the service offered to the customer makes it more difficult to compete on the basis of ______.

  1. order qualifiers
  2. customization
  3. quality
  4. Price

Q59. Which of the following factors would tend to reduce productivity?

  1. improvements in workplace safety
  2. reductions in labour turnover
  3. more inexperienced workers
  4. reductions in the scrap rate

Q60. Forward scheduling

  1. begins with a delivery date, then each operation is offset one at a time, in reverse order
  2. is well suited where the supplier is usually able to meet precise delivery dates
  3. tends to minimize in-process inventory
  4. assumes that procurement of material and operations start as soon as requirements are known

Explain the character and causes of the uprising of 1857

Q61. A run test is used

  1. to examine variability in acceptance sampling plans
  2. in acceptance, sampling to establish control
  3. to examine points in a control chart to check for natural variability
  4. to examine points in a control chart to check for nonrandom variability

Q62. The probability of a bad lot being accepted is

  1. Consumer risk
  2. Supplier risk
  3. Both a and b
  4. Not a risk

Q63. A material requirements plan contains information with regard to all of the following except

  1. quantities and required delivery dates of all sub-assemblies
  2. quantities and required delivery dates of final products
  3. the capacity needed to provide the projected output rate
  4. inventory on hand for each final product

UPES Marketing Management Assignment -2 Question and Answer

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