Union Territory or Union Territory or Confederation is a sub-national administrative unit of India’s federal administrative structure. The states of India have their own elected governments, but in the Union Territories, Government of India is directly ruled by; The President of India nominates each Union Territory as a Government Administrator or Deputy Governor.
Currently, there are 9 union territories in India. The capital of India, New Delhi which is also a union territory called Delhi and Puducherry has been given partial state status. Delhi has been redefined as National Capital Region in 1992. Both Delhi and Puducherry have their own elected Legislative Assembly, Cabinet and Executive, but their powers are limited – some of their laws can only apply if the President of India receives “consideration and approval”.
List of 9 UT of India । seven union territories of India । Union Territories of India and their Capitals Area, Population & Official Language
Brief History of 9 Union Territories of India
1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Popular as ‘Emerald oils’ and Andaman and the Nicobar Islands are situated in the Bay of Bengal. Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a popular tourist destination in India. There are several tribes are living in the Union Territory and the two special cultures – Andaman and Nigrito. The people are friendly and pleasant. The festivals celebrated in Andaman and Nicobar communities are Panguni, Uthiram, Pongal, Shivaratri, Janmashtami etc. Popular tourist destinations of this Union Territory include National Monument, Marine Museum, Naval Sea Museum, Smrthika Museum, Haddo Zoological Garden, etc.
The first planned city in India after independence, Chandigarh is a union territory and also the capital of two states Punjab and Haryana. According to the government survey, this city is the cleanest city in the country. There are many attractions for tourists in which the gardens are special. Many of Chandigarh’s attractions include Rock Garden, Rose Garden, Sukhna Lake and Lashyore Valley. Chandigarh has been the birthplace of many celebrities, such as Milkha Singh, Kapil Dev, Abhinav Bindra and Kiran Kher etc.
3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Ordinary tribals live in Dadra and Nagar Haveli situated near the western coast of India. There are many tourist places in this union territory emerging as an important tourist hub.
4. Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu is a Union Territory of India and located in the Arabian Sea near Gujarat. It is a place full of diverse cultures. Dance and music are a part of everyday life for the people of Daman. There are many cultures, such as urban European, Indian and tribal. The church and beach of this Union Territory are the biggest tourist attractions.
5. Jammu and Kashmir (proposed from 31 October 2019)
Jammu and Kashmir is a proposed union territory of India. Jammu and Kashmir is a union territory with legislature like Delhi. It is located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent and is part of a large area of Kashmir, which has been the subject of a dispute between India, Pakistan and China since 1947.
The Line of Control separates Jammu and Kashmir from the Pakistan-administered areas of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan to the west and north. The proposed union territory is located to the north of the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab and to the west of the proposed union territory of Ladakh.
The restructuring provisions in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir were contained within the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019, which was passed by both houses of the Parliament of India in August 2019. The bill aims to re-constitute the existing state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories: Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The restructuring is effective from 31 October 2019.
6. Ladakh (proposed from 31 October 2019)
Ladakh is a union territory without legislature. The area of Ladakh is 97,776 square kilometres. It borders China on the north and Tibet in the east. Due to the border situation, it has great importance from a strategic point of view. Ladakh falls in the mountainous border of the northwestern Himalayas, where much of the land is not arable. The highest peaks are Godwin Austin (K2, 8,611 m) and Gasserbroom I (8,068 m). The climate here is extremely dry and harsh. Annual rainfall 3.2 inches and annual average temperature 5 degrees Celsius. is. Rivers are able to flow only a few times a day, the rest of the time the ice freezes. The Indus is the main river. The capital and major city of the district is Leh, north of which is the Karakoram Mountains and Pass. The majority of the population is nomadic, whose nature, culture and lifestyle are influenced by Tibet and Nepal. Most of the people in the eastern part are Buddhists and most of the people in the western part are Muslims. Hemis Gompa is the largest religious institution of Buddhists.
Lakshadweep, a group of islands in the Lakshadweep Sea and is India’s smallest Union Territory. There are many religions and rituals in Lakshadweep but most of the people here follow Islam religion. There are many festivals like Eid-ul-Fitr, Milad-i-Nabi, Muharram and other festivals celebrated. People of this Union Territory live a simple life and live in harmony with each other. There are many Walters for tourists in this archipelago, such as snorkelling and scuba diving.
8. National Capital Region (Delhi)
India’s capital Delhi is also known as National Capital Region (NCR). In Indian history, Delhi has been the capital of many dynasties and rulers. Delhi is not only the political capital of the country but it is also the administrative unit of the Indian government as there are Indian Parliament and several ministries present. Due to the settlement of people from many parts of the country, the culture here is metropolitan. In addition to religious festivals, national festivals are also celebrated with enthusiasm in Delhi.
Puducherry was first known as Pondicherry and it is a very famous tourist destination among Indians and foreigners. It is also called the ‘French Riviera of the East’. There is a French influence in this Union Territory as long as there was French rule for a long time. The French infrastructure and French colonies are the main attractions here. Ancient memorials, sea beaches, gardens and museums are listed as places of tourist interests in this union territory.
What is the difference between a union territory and a state?
Difference between Union Territory and State are explained below:
⇒ States are administrative divisions that have their own governments while union territories are administrative divisions which are directly governed by the central government.
⇒ The Union Territory is directly governed by the Central Government through the Lieutenant Governor as the Administrator.
⇒ Apart from governance, the state and union territory are also different in many other ways. You can see in the table below:
|Definition||Administrative Units directly governed by the Central Government||Administrative units which have their own governments|
|Shape||Comparatively Large||Comparatively Small|
|Administration overheads||Comparatively Large||Comparatively Low|
|Rights and status||General||Special: Due to their constitutional formation and development|
Brief description of Union Territories of India
The President of India appoints an administrator or lieutenant governor for each region. Before the independence of India, these regions were known as the Chief- Commissioner’s Province.
In the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Puducherry and Delhi, they are administered by the Lieutenant Governor, while in Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Lakshadweep, they are known as administrators. The President may appoint the Governor of a nearby State as the Administrator of a Union Territory. In such a case the Governor works independently in relation to the administration of the Union Territory.
According to Article 240, the President of India has the power to make rules for certain union territories. These rules can be for the peace, progress and good government of the Union Territory.
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