Raksha Bandhan kab hai ( Date of Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi Festival in 2019)
The festival of Raksha Bandhan is celebrated with the full moon of the month of Shravan. This festival is not only waiting for the brothers and sisters but all members of the family. According to Hindu Panchag, this holy festival will be celebrated in 2019, the festival of Rakhi falls on Thursday, 15 August 2019.
On the day of Raksha Bandhan, sisters build Rakhi thread on brother’s wrist. Simultaneously, sisters also crave God’s longevity, success and prosperity. At the same time, brothers promise their sisters that they will always protect them. All the sisters who stay away from their brothers send Rakhi by post or courier to their brother.
What is the best time for tying rakhi ?
This date often suffers from Bhadrakal. According to tradition, no auspicious work is done in Bhadrakal, therefore, in this period Rakhi Bandings are forbidden. The auspicious time for tying rakhi is from 5:59 AM to 5:25 PM.
If the proper arrangement of Raksha Bandhan is passed, then the sisters can turn their hand and turn it into Mars in this easy way before tying rakhi to their brother.
Introduction to Raksha Bandhan
Raksha Bandhan is a Hindu and Jain festival which is celebrated every year on the full moon day of the month of Shravan. Due to the celebration in Shravan (Saawan), it is also called Shravani (Sawani) or Saloono. In Raksha Bandhan, Rakhi or Dhootshoot is most important. Rakhi made of raw materials such as yarn to colorful kalva, silk thread, and gold or silver item, etc. Rakhi usually binds to the brother’s wrist only, but the Brahmins, the gurus and the families honored by small girls in the family also get involved. Occasionally a leader or a respected person is publicly attached to Rakhi.
Now the tradition of tie-up the trees for nature conservation have also begun. In India, the male members of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh fold each other with saffron color for mutual brotherhood. All cast of Hindu religion while styling the nakshatra in rituals, Karmakandi Pandit or Acharya pronounce a verse in Sanskrit, in which the sacrifice of the armed forces is sacrificed by King Bali Area is clearly visible. According to the fulfillment of the prophecy, Devguru Jupiter, the protector made by Indran, built the following Swastika (the shloka is the object of Raksha Bandhan for restoring) on the hands of Indra.
येन बद्धो बलिराजा दानवेन्द्रो महाबल:।
तेन त्वामपि बध्नामि रक्षे मा चल मा चल ॥
The Hindi verse of this verse is: “I will bind you with the same formula that was attached to the great powerful demon king Raja Bali.” O Rakshi ( Rakhi )! You remain firm (you never get distracted by your resolution). ”
Ritual of Raksha Bandhan
Girls and women decorate the pooja plate after retiring from morning light. Ragi with rice or turmeric, rice, lamp, sweets and some money are also on the plate. Boys and men get ready to sit in puja or some suitable place to get Tilak. First God is worshiped, after this, Tilak brother by roli or turmeric, the rice is applied on the vaccine and sprinkled on the head, its aarti is done, the rakhi is tied on the right wrist and on the right-hand side. The money are distributed among the poor. In many provinces of India, there is also the practice of putting Bhojali or Bhuji on the ears of the brother. Brothers give gifts or money to siblings thus, after the completion of the rituals of protection, food is eaten. Like every festival, the specialty of the gifts and the special diet of food are also important in the Rakhi Festival. Usually, lunch is important and the tradition of fasting by the sisters until the ritual of the Rakhi is completed is also a tradition. Purohit and Acharya arrive at the host’s house in the morning and bind them with rakhis and in turn receive money, clothes and food. This festival is so broadly and deeply covered in the Indian society that it has social significance, religion, mythology, history, literature and even films are not untouched by it.
Social context of Raksha Bandhan
In the hilly areas of Nepal, the Brahmins and regional communities are tied in the hands of the Guru and Bhagyanay. But like the Nepalis of Indian origin living in the South Border, Rakhi is bound by the sister.
On this day, sisters tie Rakhi on the right hand of their brother and tilak on his forehead and wish for his long life. In return, the brother promises to protect them. It is believed that Rakhi’s colorful threads strengthen the bondage of brother-sister’s love. Brothers feed each other with sweets and give the confidence to be together in happiness and misery. It is a sacred festival that gives complete respect and respect to the sacred relation of the brother and sister.
In addition to the brother-in-law, many emotional relationships are also tied to these festivals which are beyond the boundaries of religion, caste and nation. The festival of Raksha Bandhan is also celebrated at the residence of the President and Prime Minister of India. Where small children go and fold them into rakhis. Raksha Bandhan is a festival of strength to strengthen relationships with attachment and affection. This is the reason that on this occasion not only the sister’s brother but also in other relations, it is the prevalence of the protection (or Rakhi ) banding. If the master binds to the disciple then the disciple is to the guru. In ancient times in India, when the graduate had left his Gurukul after completing his education, he used to wear a Rakhi to get the blessings of Acharya, whereas Acharya used to bind his student with this wish that he had received the knowledge. Use it properly in his future life so that he can save his knowledge as well as protect the dignity of the teacher. According to this tradition, even today a religious law protects a pre-worship host and protects the host priest. In this way, both of them mutually interconnect each other to protect each other’s honor.
Rakshabandhan has been a cultural measure of social and family unity. After marriage, the sister goes to the paraya house. This pretext does not go away every year to his relatives, but to his brothers in remote relations, he goes to his house and ties the rakhis and thus renews his relationship. Two families and clans have a mutual union. This festival is also used in the form of unity among different sections of society. Thus, the link which has broken down can be awakened again.
On special occasions of Raksha Bandhan, some special dishes are also made such as Ghevar, Shakarpare, Salt Pare, and Duvani. Gavar is a special sweetener of saawan, it only makes confectioners, while shakarpare and saltpay are usually made in the house. Black gram is boiled and roasted for making the dough. Eat it with Puri and curd. Halva and Kheer are also popular dishes at this festival.
Role of Raksha Bandhan in the Indian Independence War
This festival was also supported for Jan Jagran in the Indian Independence Movement. When Mr. Rabindranath Tagore opposed the violation, the political use of this festival started by making the Rakshabandhan festival a symbol of mutual brotherhood and unity of Bengal residents. In 1905, his famous poem “Mathrubhumi Vandana” was published in which he writes-
“Lord! Earth, rivers, winds, flowers, all of my people, be all clean;
Lord! In my congregation, the unities of each brother’s sister are uninterrupted, indispensable and united.”
(English translation from Bengali)
In 1905, Lord Curzon broke the bung and transformed a small spark flown by Vande Mataram’s movement into shawls. On October 16, 1905, on the anniversary of the dissolution of the scheme, the Raksha Bandhan scheme came to success and people came down on the streets by saying,
सप्त कोटि लोकेर करुण क्रन्दन, सुनेना सुनिल कर्ज़न दुर्जन;
ताइ निते प्रतिशोध मनेर मतन करिल, आमि स्वजने राखी बन्धन।
Mythological context of Raksha Bandhan
No one knows when the Rakhi festival started. But in the future Puranas it is said that when the war started in the gods and demons, the demon began to appear dominant. Lord Indra trembled and went to Jupiter. Indrani’s wife Indrani was sitting there listening to all. They made silk thread by sticking to the power of the mantras and tied them on the hands of their husband. Incidentally, it was the day of Shravan Purnima. People believe that Indra was victorious by this mantra power of this thread in this battle. From that day on the day of Shravan Purnima, this yarn is being practiced. This thread is considered completely capable of giving wealth, power, happiness and victory.
In the story called Vamnavatar in Skandha Purana, Padmapuran and Shrimad Bhagavat, there is a context of protection. The story is as follows: When the King of demons donated the 100 yagya and tried to snatch the kingdom of heaven, and then the gods of Indra prayed to Lord Vishnu. Then Lord Waman took the embodiment of Brahmin and took a beggar from King Bali. Even after refusing the guru, Bali donated three pounds of land. God sheds all the sky in three steps and sends the King Bali into the abyss. Thus, due to Lord Vishnu shattering the pride of the sacrificial King, this festival is also famous as the Balave. It is said that Bali once went to the abyss, and then the sacrifice was done by God with the help of his devotion, night and day. The promise of being in front of him. Narad ji, told to Lakshmi ji, troubled by not returning to God’s house, as a remedy. Following that measure, Lakshmi ji went to Raja Bali and made her brother by tying up him Rakhi and took her husband Bhagwan Bali with her. That day was the full moon day of the month of Shravan. In one episode of Vishnu Purana, it has been said that Lord Vishnu, on the full moon day of Shravan, incarnated in the form of Haigriva and had received the Vedas again for Brahma. Hygriv is considered a symbol of wisdom and intelligence.
Historical context of Raksha Bandhan
When Rajput went on the battle, women used to wear Kumkum Tilak on their forehead, along with silk thread in hand. With the belief that this thread will bring them back with Vijayashree. Another famous story is associated with Rakhi. It is said that Karmavati, the queen of Mewar, received a pre-notification of Bahadur Shah to attack Mewar. The queen was unable to fight, so she sent the Mughal emperor Humayun a Rakhi and pleaded for protection. Humayun kept the respect of Rakhi while being a Muslim and reached Mewad and fought against Bhahedur Shah on behalf of Mewar, protecting Karmavati and his kingdom. In another context, Sikandar’s wife tied a rakhi to her husband’s Hindu enemy Purushas Made his own mouth brother and pledged to not kill Sikandar during the war. The priest gave life to Sikandar while revealing the promise given to Rakhi and his sister, during the war.
It is also mentioned in Mahabharata that when senior Pandava Yudhishthar asked Lord Krishna how I can cross all the crises, then Lord Krishna advised to celebrate the festival of Rakhi to protect his and his army. He said that this silk thread of Rakhi is the power by which you can get rid of every objection. At this time, there are many references to Draupadi by Krishna and Kunti by Rakhi tied up to Abhimanyu. In the Mahabharata, there is another account of Krishna and Draupadi related to Raksha Bandhan. When Krishna slaughtered Shishu Pal from Sudarshan Chakra, his index was hurt. Draupadi torn his sari at that time and tied a bandage on his finger. This Shravan was the full moon day of the month. Krishna repaid this favor afterwards repaired his sari at the time of ripening. It is said that the sense of mutual protection and cooperation on each other started from here on the festival of Raksha Bandhan.
Religious context of Raksha Bandhan
In Uttaranchal, it is called Shravani. This day the activities of the Yajurvedi are performed. Emission, bathing, tasting, new yajnavapavita is held. This is considered the supreme festival of Brahmins. Vrittivan Brahmins devote their hosts to Yajnavav and give Rakhi to Dakshina.
Amarnath’s most famous religious journey begins with Guru Purnima and ends on the day of Raksha Bandhan. It is said that on this day, the Himalayan Shivaling also receives its full size. In this celebration, the festival is organized every year in the Amarnath cave.
In Maharashtra state, this festival is known as Coconut Purnima or Shravani. On this day people change their Janeu by going to the banks of the river or sea and worship the sea. On this occasion, there is a tradition of offering coconut to please the sea god Varun Deva. This is the reason that Mumbai’s beaches are filled with coconut fruits for one day.
In Rajasthan, there is the custom of binding Ram rakhi and Banga rakhi or Lumbma. Ram Rakhi is different from normal Rakhi. There is a yellow-tailed blunt on the red drool. It only ties to God. The bangle rakhi is tied in the Bhabhi’s buds. In Jodhpur, only Rakhi could not be used on the day of Rakhi, but in the afternoon, the body was purified by bathing with dung, mud and bhasmi on Padmasar and Mankanadi. After this, worshipers of Dharmas and Vedas Arundhati, Ganpati, Durga, Gobila and Saptarishis are worshiped with chant (shrine) of the darbas and worshiped with their entreaty. They are repaid with patriotism. After performing religious rituals, the house is made after making a ritual, while the silk is made of rakhi. Rakhi is administered by raw milk and there is provision for eating after this.
South Indian Brahmins of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra and Orissa, this festival is called Avani Avytam. This day is very important for the Yajnavaprified Brahmins. After bathing on the banks of the river or sea on this day, the rishis are offered with a new yajnavapayav. The old sins of the year have been promised like giving up like old Yajnagavati and starting a new life like a clean new sacrifice. On this day, the Yajurvedic Brahmins begin the study of the Vedas for 6 months. There is also an epithelium of this festival which means – the new beginning. In the Vraj, from Hariyali Teej (Shravan Shukla Tritiya) to Shravani Purnima Thakurs are in the swing in the temples and houses. On the day of Raksha Bandhan, the zenglings are finished.
Uttar Pradesh: The festival of Raksha Bandhan is celebrated on the full moon day of Shravan month. On the occasion of Raksha Bandhan, Sister succumbed to her brother’s wrist as a protector ( Rakhi ) on her brother’s wrist. Brother gives some gifts on this occasion and contributes to giving support at the time of crisis in the future.
Literary context of Raksha Bandhan
There are many literary texts that provide a detailed description of the festival of Raksha Bandhan. The most important of these is the historical drama of Harikrishna Lovers, which was published in the 18th edition in 1991. Writing about the Shinde Empire in Marathi, Ramrao Subhna Rao Berge also composed a play titled Rakhi alias Rakshabandhan. In the 50’s and 60s, the Raksha Bandhan remained a popular subject of Hindi films. Many films were made not only by the name ‘ Rakhi ‘ but also by ‘ Raksha Bandhan ‘. The film was made twice as ‘ Rakhi ‘, once in 1949, for the second time in 1962, the film which was released in the year 62 was a Bhim Singh had made, the cast was Ashok Kumar, Waheeda Rehman, Pradeep Kumar and Amita. In this movie, Rajendra Krishna wrote the title song – “The Festival of Rakhi Yarns”. In 1972, S.M. Sagar made the film ‘ Rakhi and Hankadi ‘ in it was R. D. Barman’s music. In 1976 Radhakanth Sharma made the film ‘ Rakhi and Rifle ‘. It was a masala film starring Dara Singh. In the same way, in 1976, Shantilal Soni also made a film called ‘ Raksha Bandhan ‘, about Sachin and Sarika.
Government management on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan
The attractive envelopes of ten rupees are sold on this occasion by the postal department of the Government of India. The cost of the envelope is Rs 5 and 5 rupees for postage charges. In this Rakhi festival, sisters can send the brother to only three rupees for three rupees together. Under this gift given by the Department of Posts, Rakhi’s envelope can be sent only for five rupees to 50 grams under this gift whereas only one rakhi can be sent in the normal 20 grams envelope. This facility is available only till Raksha Bandhan. Keeping in mind the rainy season on the occasion of the Raksha Bandhan, the postal ware department has provided waterproof envelopes that are not disturbed by rain since 2007. These envelopes are different from other envelopes. Its size and design are also different, due to which Rakhi is more secure. On the occasion of the Raksha Bandhan, the post-wire department, 20 percent more work is burdened. Therefore, special measures are taken to make Rakhi safely and fast and the retired postman services are also used in this regard. Separate boxes for Rakhis are also installed in major post-offices of some big cities. Along with that, those who are in the selected post offices are allowed to sell Rakhi so that people can buy Rakhi from there and send them to the fixed location.
Rakhi and modern technical medium
The effect of today’s modern technological era and the Information Communication era is also on the festival like Rakhi. Many Indians live abroad nowadays and their families (brother and sister) are still in India or other countries. After the arrival of the internet, many e-commerce sites have been opened, which gives an online order to the given address. Apart from this, an animated CD related to this festival has also been made on the occasion of the Rakhi in India. In this video, a sister is Tilak to her brother. Sisters can send this Rakhi CD, to their brothers in the different countries.
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