Mughal empire contributions to India in Economic, Arts and Architecture.
It was in 1206, approximately eight hundred years ago, India produced its first major Muslim ruler for several generations. It was the beginning of the longest reign of any religion, empire, civilization, ethnic group, dynasty, political administration or government in the last millennium on the Indian subcontinent. Muslim rule was to last six hundred and fifty-one years, four empires and six strong and powerful rulers. Muslim rulers included Qutubudeen Aibak and Razia Sultana and were among the earliest monarchs before the Mughal Empire. Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb stand out as the most prominent Mughal kings.
A major Mughal contribution to the Indian Subcontinent was their unique architecture. Many great monuments were built by the Muslim emperors during the Mughal era including the Taj Mahal. The Muslim Mughal Dynasty built splendid palaces, tombs, minars and forts that stand today in Delhi, Dhaka, Agra, Jaipur, Lahore, Sheikhupura and many other cities of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
His successors, with fewer memories of the Central Asian homeland he pined for, took a less prejudiced view of cultures of the Subcontinent and became more or less naturalised, absorbing many subcontinental traits and customs along the way. The Mughal period would see a more fruitful blending of Indian, Iranian and Central Asian artistic, intellectual and literary traditions than any other in India’s history. The Mughals had a taste for the fine things in life — for beautifully designed artefacts and the enjoyment and appreciation of cultural activities. The Mughals borrowed as much as they gave; both the Hindu and Muslim traditions of the Indian Subcontinent were huge influences on their interpretation of culture and court style. Nevertheless, they introduced many notable changes to societies of the subcontinent and culture, including:
The administrative contribution of Mughal Empire
Several aspects of the Mughal administration was adopted not only by the Rajput and Maratha rulers but also by the British. The land revenue system introduced by Akbar exists even today’s of course, with a few changes. Several rules and regulations adopted by modern administrators derive their origin to the Mughals.
Economic Development of the Mughal Empire
The Mughal rulers established royal ‘Karkhanas’ and made a notable contribution to the development of handicrafts. On account of industrial development, the balance of trade remained in favour of India.
The political development of the Mughal Empire
The Mughal rulers provided political unity to India. Several parts of the country came under one administration.
The religious development of Mughal Empire
Divergent views are expressed on this issue. Some scholars greatly highlight the positive effect of the Sufi and Bhakti movements. There are others who are of the view that the effect of these movements was very limited.