GST in higher education, effects and charges puri jankari Hindi me

GST kya hai? – Goods and service tax law ko hi GST kahte hai. Jaise piche samano par VAT aur Excise aur services par service tax lagata tha aur alag-alag tarah ke taxes jaise professional tax, chungee  ityaadi aprtayaksh tax lag rahe the.

 

kyun jaroori tha GST

Sarkar ne saaf kiya ki unhone kyun turant GST ko lagu karne ka faisla liya hai. Sarkar ke mutabik GST lagu hone ke bad 5 aham faide honge:

  1. Pure desh ko ek hi bazaar banaya jayega.
  2. VAT ki khamiyon ko dur karne ke liye GST lagu hua, bayapariyon ko digital tax dena asan hoga.
  3. GST se pure desh mai hi ek jaisa tax rate lagu hoga.
  4. GST se bharat me production aur services par tax kam honge, jisse bazaar mai saman sasta ho jayega.
  5. Desh me tax dhache (model) ko bada kar sarkar ki kamai (income) mai izafa hoga, aur tax chori ko roka jayega.

 

Central Government ke mutabik GST se hone wale in badalo se naye bharat ka aghaz hoga. 
Ise bhi paden

 

GST ki mukhy baaten – benefits /salient futures of GST 

  1. GST keval apratyaksh Tax ko jama karega, pratyaksh tax jaise aay-kar aadi pichli vyavastha ke anusaar hi lagenge.
  2. GST ke lagoo hone se poore bhaarat mein ek hi prakar ka apratyaksh tax lagega jisse samano aur services ki lagat mein kami aaegee.
  3. Sangheey dhaanche ko banae rakhane ke lie GST do stage par lagega – CGST (Central goods aur service tax) aur SGST (Satate goods aur service tax). CGST ka hissa kendr ko aur SGST ka hissa raajey sarakaar ko milega. Ek raajey se doosare raajey mein samano aur services ki bikree ki sthati mein IGST (ekeekrt saman aur sevaakar) lagega. IGST ka ek hissa Kendra sarakaar aur doosara hissa saman ya seva ka upabhog karane vaale raajey ko praapt hoga.
  4. Vyavasaayee kharidi gaee samano aur services par lagane vaale GST kee input credit le sakenge jinaka upayog ve becheen gaee samano aur services par lagane wale GST ke bhugatan mein kar sakenge. CGST ki input credit ka upayog IGST wo CGST ke output tax ke bhugatan, SGST ki credit ka upayog SGST wo IGST ke output tax ke bhugataan aur IGST ki credit ka upayog IGST, CGST wo SGST ke output taxs ke bhugataan mein kiya ja sakega .
  5. GST ke tahat un sabhi vyavasaayee, utpaadak ya seva pradaata ko registered hona hoga jin ki varshabhar mein kul bikree ka mooley ek nishchit mooley se jyaada hai.
  6. Prastaavit GST main vyavasaayiyon ko mukhy roop se teen alag alag prakar ke tax return bharane honge jis main input tax, output tax aur ekeekrt return shaamil hai.

 

Aam logon par GST ka prabhaav – impact of GST on general public

  1. Apratyaksh karon ka bhaar antim upabhokta (end users) ko hi vahan karana padata hai. piche ek hi samano par vibhinn prakaar ke alag alag tax lagate the lekin GST aane se sabhee samano aur services par ek hi prakaar ka tax lagega jisse samano ki laagat mein kamee aaegee. Haalaanki isse services ki lagat badh jaegi
  2. Doosara sabase mahatvapoorn laabh yah hoga ki poore bhaarat mein ek hi rate se tax lagega jisse sabhi rajyon mein samano aur services ki kimat ek jaisi hogi.
  3. Goods and service tax law (GST) lagoo hone se kendrey sales tax (CST), GST mein samahit ho jaega jisse samano ki kimaton mein kami aaegi.

 

GST ka Business par prabhaav – impact of GST on business 

1. Piche vyavasaayon ko alag-alag prakar ke apratyaksh tax ka bhugatan karana padta tha jaise samano ke utpadan karane par utpad shulk, trading karane par sales tax, seva pradan karane par sarvices tax aadi. isse vyavasayon ko vibhinn prakar ke tax kanoonon ki palana karani padatee hai jo ki bahut hee mushkil aur jatil kam hai. lekin GST ke lagoo hone se unhen keval ek hee prakaar apratyaksh law ka palan karana hoga jisase bharat mein vyavasay mein saralata aaegee.

2. Piche vyavasayee, utpaad shulk va seva kar ke bhugataan mein bikree kar kee input credit (khareede gae maal par chukae gae tax) ka upayog nahin kar sakta aur bikree kar ke bhugatan mein service tax (services par chukae gae kar) aur utpaad shulk (khareede gae maal par lage utpaad shulk) ki credit ka upayog nahin kar sakata tha. Is karan samano aur services kee laagat badh jaatee hai. lekin GST ke laagoo hone se vyavasaayiyon ko sabhee prakaar kee khareedee gayee samano aur services par chukae gae GST kee pooree credit mil jaegee jisaka upayog vah bechin gayee samano aur services par lage GST ke bhugataan mein kar sakega. isase laagat mein kamee aaegee

3. Aisa kaha ja raha hai ki GST ke aane se vyavasaay karana aasaan ho jaega lekin shurooaatee salon mein vyavasaayon ko mushkilon ka saamana karana pad sakata hai. Example ke lie GST mein pratyek maheene mein teen alag alag tarah ke returnn fill karane padenge.

4. Piche vibhinn prakaar ke apratyaksh karon mein threshold limit (chhoot kee seema) alag alag tha.

Mukhey roop se sales tax mein threshold limit 5 laakh, service tax mein 10 lakh aur utpaad shulk mein 1.5 carore hai. GST aane se sabhi prakar ke vyavasaayon (treding, utpaadak ya seva pradaata ) ke lie ek hi prakar ki threshold limit (chhoot kee seema) rakhane ka prastav hai. Yah threshold limit in teenon kanonon (sales tax, service tax aur utpaad shulk) kee piche ki limit ko dhyan mein rakhakar banaee jaegee hai. Jisaka mukhy prabhaav yah hoga ki chhoot seema 50 laakh se kam hee rakhee jaegee jisase chhote utpaadak jo ki piche 1.5 carore tak chhoot seema ka phaayada utha rahe the ve bhee GST ke daayare mein aa gaye.

5. Piche ek rajey se dusare raajey mein maal bechane par 2% kee dar se kendreey sales tax lagata than jisakee input credit nahin milatee thi. GST ke laagoo hone ke baad se kendreey sales tax nahin lagega jisse samano kee laagat mein kamee aaegee.

 

GST

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Shiksha ke kshetra mai GST ka asar – शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में GST का क्या असर पड़ेगा पूरी जानकारी

Dosto jaisa ki aap jante hain ki 1 July, 2017 se GST lagu ho gya hai. Agar aap dekhen to Shiksha ko GST se bahar hi rakha gaya hai. Lekin is ke bawajood desh ke lakhon-karodon students aur unke ghar walon pe iska asar padega. GST kya hai yeh hum sab jan chuke hain. Isliye post ko jayada lamba nhi karte huye yaha ham sidhe un points pe bat karte hai jispe GST ka asar education par padega.

1. Shiksha ke kshetra mai GST ka rate:

Shiksha kisi bhi desh ki pahli jarurat hoti hai. Jo ki us desh ke liye ek khas hathiyaar ke roop mai hota hai, aur is liye shiksha ka vikash economy ka vikash hai. Chunki shiksha ek ek seva hai, isliye  ye purani niyamo ke anusaar service tax ko aakarshit karate hai. Is liye shiksha ko service tax se bahar rakha gaya tha. Education aur training ka bhartiya udyog jagat mai bahut jayada importance hai. GST law shiksha aur training par bhi asar dala hai. 

Ab hum shiksha kshetra par GST ka asar aur shiksha udyog par GST ke daron (rate) par nazar dalenge.

2. Shiksha jagat mai GST ki daren (rate):

Shiksha ka saman sasta hain lekin service mahanga ho gaya hai
Educational things are cheaper but service expensive
Vivran (Particulars)Pichla (Previous)GSTAntar (Difference) (%)
Bachchon ka Color book000
Stapler, pencil, sharpener18.6812-6.68
School Bag12.518+5.5
Fountain pen, Nib18.1318-.13
Refill18.6918-.69
Exercise Book18.6812-6.68
Ball pen18.6812-6.68 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


3. Mahangi hui Coaching fees:

Bharat bhar main private coaching center ka chalan bahut jayada hai. Medical, Engineering, CA, aur dusre higher education mai admission aur banking, railway, UPSC aur dusre Govt. aur Private naukri ke liye desh bhar mai lakhon ke sankhayan mai chatra admission lete hai. Ab coaching par 15 %  se bad kar 18% GST lagega.
Example ke taur par bata de kai agar ek student engineering ki entrance test ke coaching ke liye agar 1 lakh rupeya fee deta tha, to ab use 15 hajar ki bajaye 18 hajar text dena hoga.

4. Non-conventional, certificate course par tax hua mahanga:

Traditional courses, jaise Bcom, Mcom, BA, Bsc. ko naye tax ke dhanche se bahar rakha gaya hai. Lekin dusre non-conventional, certificate course aur training programmes par tax ki dar (rate) 14% se bada kar 18% kar diya gaya hai.
Example ke taur par maan lijiye ki agar aap ek certificate course mai 1 lakh fees dete the to 14 hajar tax dete the ab aap ko 18 hajar tax dena hoga.

5. Universities / Colleges / Institutes mai di jane wali service mehanga ho gaya:

Shiksha sansthan mai bhi is ka asar hoga. Bahut se institutes mai catering, transportation, housekeeping, canteen, general shops, etc jaise service kisi dusre (third party) se li jati hai. Is hal mai ab in par 15% ke bajaye 18% ki dar se tax lagega. Halanki, nursery se lekar 12thtak is dayere mai nahi aate hai.

6. Kapde dhaulana, mess mai khana mahanga hua:

Sirf itna hi nahi, Institute campus agar koi student rahta hai to unhe in sab chijon ki jarurat padti rahti hai. Aise mai unko ab 15% ke bajaye 18% tax dena hoga.

7. Kuch Courses uski piche ki fees aur ab GST ke bad badi hui fees:

CourseInstitute ka namPahle ki feesGST ke bad feesTotal
LLB (Hons)RML National univ.1,1900021420140420
LLMRML National Univ.790001422093220
B.Tech 1st YearIIT Lakhnow48825878857613
B.Tech 2nd YearIIT Lakhnow633251139874723
B.Tech 3rd YearIIT Lakhnow633251139874723
B.Tech 4th YearIIT Lakhnow639751151575490
MBA 1st yearIIT Lakhnow33825608839913
MBA 2nd yearIIT Lakhnow48975881557790
MCA 1st yearIIT Lakhnow33825608839913
MCA 2nd yearIIT Lakhnow48325869857023
MCA 3rd yearIIT Lakhnow48975881557790

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prastavit GST kaanoon ke anusaar, GST se chhoot dee gaee shaikshanik (educational) services hain:

Aisi services jo:-

(a) Ek Institute ke dwara apane students, faculty, aur  karmachaariyon ko di jati hai.

(b) Ek shaikshanik sansthan ke maadhyam se-
(i) students, faculty, aur karmachaariyon ka parivahan (Transportation).
(ii) Sarkaar ke jariye chalne wale kisi bhi madhyamik bhojan yojana sahit  khaan paan.
(iii) Shaikshik sansthan kiya gaya suraksha ya saphaee ka kam.
(iv) Sanstha dwara pareeksha mein pravesh, ya pareeksha ke sanchaalan se sambandhit services; uchch madhyamik tak.

(c) Kendra sarkaar ke dishanirdesh ke anusaar, Indian Institute of Management dwara pradaan kiye gae services, apane chhaatron ko, nimna likhit kaaryakaaree kaaryakramon ke maadhyam se, karyakari vikas karyakram ko chhodkar:
(i) Prabandhan mein snatkottar diploma prabandhan ke lie ek do saal ka poornakala aawasiya post graduate program, jis mein pravesh (admission) Indian Institute of Management dwara aayojit samanya yogyata pareeksha (Common Aptitude Test) (CAT) ke aadhaar par kiya jaata hai.
(ii) Prabandhan mein Management Programmes.
(iii) Five-year integrated program in Management

(d) Isake atirikt, kisee bhee seva-
(i) bharatiya sarkar dwara sthapit  National Skill Development Corporation;
(ii) National Skill Development Corporation dwara anumodit single sector kaushal parishad;
(iii) Sector skill ya national Skill Development Corporation dwara anumodit ek assessment agency;
(iv) National Skill Development Corporation  ya sector skill services dwara anumodit ek training partner.

halanki GST ko uchch madhyamik shiksha tak purv-vidyalay ko khaan paan se sambandhit sevaon se chhoot di jayegi.
Isake alaava, shaikshik sevaon ko nirdhaarit anusoochee iv mein paribhaashit kiya gaya hai.

Niche likhe services ko GST se choot nahin dee gaee hai:-

1. Shaikshanik upakaranon, computer, sports, upkaran aadi jaise third party dwara diya gya sewa ya aapoorti.
2. School ke time ke bad third party dwara  ki jaane vale gatividhiyan
3. Khane ke liye uplabdh bhojan aur rahne ke liye ghar.
4. Gair-shaikshanik (Non-educational) sambandhit aapoorti jaise baig, vardee, banner ityaadi.

 

Shiksha par GST ke sambhavit nateeja kya hain?

Yah dheere-dheere saaf  ho raha hai ki buniyadi shiksha ya K-12 shiksha kshetra (area) ko GST neeti (policy) se faayda (Benefits) hoga kyonki pichli paridrishya (previous scenario) mein kar  shrenee  (Tax category) se nishchit taur par ise bahar rakha gaya hai. Doosre, shaikshik uddeshya (aim) ke liye sabhi sarkaari gatividhiyan / services / pahal bhi kar (tax) raahat hasil karenge. Isaka arth hai:

1. Niji kshetra (Private sector) mein uchch shiksha (Higher education) adhik mahangi ho jaegi
2.Sarkari schools / colleges / institutes mein pravesh (admission) ke liye pratiyogita (competition) mein vrddhi hogi.
3. Services ke laagat par kar vrddhi (tax hike) ka 3 se 5% hoga jo upbhokta (user) ko prabhavit karega, arthaat, aam logon.
4. Isake alava, sarkaar GST lagaane ke pahale star (First session) mein poore system ko kattarpanthi (hard) banana nahi chaahatee thi aur ek ‘smooth landing chahati thi.
5. Halanki, is mein koi sanshodhan ya badlaav (modifications or changes) ke liye yojana (plan) ho saktee hain.

 

Shiksha ki jagat mai Kam service tax se kya fayeda hoga

“Kam tax ki laagat se shaikshik sansthan (educational institution) ko saksham kiya ja sakata hai, jo ki gair-laabhakaaree (non-profits ) roop se chhote maarjin arjit karate hain, apane buniyaadee dhaanche ke unnayan (infrastructure ) ke lie aur students ke liye laagat kam bhi karate hain,” bhaarat mein uchch shaikshanik sanstha (educational institution)  mein adhik videshee chhaatron (foreign students ) ko aakarshit karane aur hamaare apne chhaatron kee shaikshik aakaanksha (aspirations ) ko poora karane ki kshamata hai.
Lekin aisa hone ke liye, sarkaar ko vyapaar bhagidari (business partner) kee tarah sochne ki jaroorat hai.

Ham asha kar sakte hain ki hamaare samaaj mein shiksha ke mahatva ko dekhate huwe, sarkaar sabhee staron (session) par parents ke shiksha ke bojh ko kam karne ke liye uchit upaay lagoo karegi aur sabhi ke liye shiksha ke lavon (Benefits) ko uplabdh karaane ke liye ek vyaapak aur loktantrik drashtikon (comprehensive and democratic approach ) apnayenge.

 

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