First Prime Minister of India – About India first PM Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

The Prime Minister of India is the head of Government of the Republic of India. The post of Prime Minister of India is the post of the Governor of India (Government of India). According to the Constitution, he is the leader of the Government of India, the Chief Advisor to the President of India, the Leader of the Council of Ministers, and the Leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha. He leads the government of India’s executive. In the political system of India, the Prime Minister is a senior member of the Cabinet.

First Prime Minister

Name – Jawaharlal Nehru

Term – August 15, 1947 – 27 May 1964

Party – Indian National Congress

Birthplace – Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

Education – Harrow School; Trinity College, Cambridge,

Constituency – Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh and Phulpur (Allahabad), Uttar Pradesh

Jawaharlal Nehru (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and was a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. Under the patronage of Mahatma Gandhi, he emerged as the supreme leader of the Indian independence movement, and he ruled India from 1977 till independence from the establishment of an independent nation in 1947 to his death. They are considered to be the architect of modern Indian nation-state – a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic mathematician. Because of his origin with the Kashmiri Pandit community, he used to call Pandit Nehru, while Indian children know him as Chacha Nehru.

Nehru was elected by the Congress to hold the post of independent India’s first Prime Minister, although the question of leadership had long been solved in 1941 only when Gandhiji acknowledged Nehru as his political heir and heir. As Prime Minister, he started to realize the dream of India. The Constitution of India was enacted in 1950, after which he started an ambitious scheme of economic, social and political reforms. Mainly, cherishing a plural, multi-party democracy, he supervised the change in the Republic from a colony of India. In foreign policy, displaying India as a regional hero in South Asia, he played a leading role in the Non-Aligned Movement.

Under the leadership of Nehru, the Congress has shown dominance in the national and state-level elections and won consecutive elections in 1951, 1957 and 1962, emerged as a Sarv-eclipse party. Despite his political difficulties in his last years and the failure of his leadership in the 1962 Chinese-India war, he remained popular among the people of India. In India, his birthday is celebrated as a child day.

Life of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Nehru in Khaki dress as a member of the service team.
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad in British India. His father, Motilal Nehru (1861-1931), a wealthy barrister who was from the Kashmiri Pandit community, was elected president twice of the Indian National Congress during the freedom struggle.

His mother Swarooparani Thushu (1868-1938), who was from a well-known Kashmiri Brahmin family living in Lahore, was the second wife of Motilal and died during the first wife’s deliverance. Jawaharlal was the eldest of the three children, the other two girls. Big sister, Vijaya Lakshmi, later became the first woman president of United Nations General Assembly. The youngest sister, Krishna Hathingh, became a notable writer and wrote several books related to her family and people.

Nehru family in the 1890s
Jawaharlal Nehru received education in some of the finest schools and universities of the world. He completed his schooling from Harrow and the college’s education with Trinity College, Cambridge (London). After this, he completed his law degree from the University of Cambridge. In England, he spent seven years in which there developed a rational approach to the Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism.

Jawaharlal Nehru returned to India in 1912 and started advocacy. In 1916, he got married to Kamala Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru joined the Home Rule League in 1917. His real initiation in politics came two years later in 1919 when he came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi. At that time Mahatma Gandhi started a campaign against the Rule Act. Nehru was attracted to Mahatma Gandhi’s active but peaceful, civil disobedience movement.

Nehru also adopted his family as per Mahatma Gandhi’s teachings. Jawaharlal and Motilal Nehru abandoned western clothes and expensive property. They started wearing a Khadi Kurta and Gandhi cap. Jawaharlal Nehru took an active part in the non-cooperation movement in 1920-1922 and was arrested for the first time during this period. After some months he was released.

Jawaharlal Nehru was elected president of Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924 and served for two years as Chief Executive Officer of the city. In 1926, he resigned after referring to lack of cooperation from the British authorities.

From 1926 to 1928, Jawaharlal Nehru served as the General Secretary of All India Congress Committee. In 1928-29, the annual session of Congress was held under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. In that session, Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose supported the demand for full political freedom, while Motilal Nehru and other leaders supported the demand for the status of dominion status within the British Empire. In order to solve the issue, Gandhi took the middle path and said that Britain will be given two years to give India state status and if it does not happen then Congress will start a national struggle for full political independence. Nehru and Bose demanded that this time be reduced to one year. The British government did not respond to it.

In December 1929, the annual session of the Congress was held in Lahore in which Jawaharlal Nehru was elected President of the Congress Party. During this session, a resolution was passed which demanded ‘full self-rule’. Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the flag of independent India on January 26, 1930, in Lahore. Gandhiji also called the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. The movement was successful and it forced the British government to accept the need for major political reforms.

When the British government promulgated the India Act of 1935, the Congress party decided to contest the elections. Nehru stayed out of the election but campaigned for the party with a vigorous nationwide campaign. The Congress formed governments in almost every province and won the highest number of seats in the Central Assembly.

Nehru was elected president of the Congress in 1936 and 1937. He was arrested during the Quit India Movement in 1942 and was released in 1945. During the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, he made an important contribution to the talks with the British Government.

First Prime Minister of India – About India first PM Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

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