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Indian Festivals

Dussehra । Durga Puja । Navratri kyun aur kaise manate hain Hindi me

Dussehra

Dussehra (dasara , dashahara , vijayaadashami ya aayudh-pooja) Hinduon ka ek khas festival hai. ashvin (अश्विन) mahina ke shukl paksh (शुक्ल पक्ष ) ki 10 tarikh ko iska aayojan hota hai. Bhagavan Ram ne isi din Raavan ka vadh kiya tha aur Devi Durga ne Navratri ( नवरात्रि ) aur das din ke yuddh ke bad Mahishaasur par vijay paye the. Ise asaty par saty ki vijay ke roop mein manaya jata hai.

Dussehra

Isi liye is dashami ko vijayaadashami ke nam se jana jata hai ( दशहरा = Dussehra = Dasara = dashahora = 10vi tarikh). Dussehra saal ke teen atyant shubh tithiyon mein se ek hai, aur dusre do hain chaitr shukl ki aur kaartik shukl ki pratipada.

Dussehra (दशहरा) / Durga Puja kaise manate hain

Is din log shastr-pooja karte hain aur naya kam start karte hain (jaise writing ki shuruat, factory lagana, beej bona etc.). Aisa believe hai ki is din jo kam start kiya jata hai us main vijay milti hai. Purane jamane mein Raja log is din vijay ki prarthna kar ran-yaatra (रण-यात्रा) ke liye prasthan karte the.

Is din jagah-jagah Mele lagte hain. Raamaleela ka aayojan hota hai. Raavan ka vishal putala banaakar use jalaaya jata hai.

भारत के शिक्षा मंत्रियों की आजादी से अब तक की सूचि और संक्षिप्त जीवनी हिंदी में पढ़ें

Dussehra (दशहरा) / Durga Puja kisliye manate hain

Dussehra / dasara ya Vijayadashami bhagavaan Raam ki vijay ke roop mein manaya jata hai ya Durga pooja ke roop mein, donon hi roopon mein yah shakti-pooja ka parv hai, shastr poojan ki date hai. Harsh aur ullaas aur vijay ka parv (festival) hai. bharatiye sanskrti veerta ki poojak hai, shurye ki upaasak hai. vyakti aur samaaj ke rakt mein veerta aaye isi liye Dussehre ka utsav rakha gaya hai. Dussehra ka parv das prakar ke paapon- kam, krodh, lobh, moh mad, matsar, ahankaar, aalsy, hinsa aur chori ke parityaag ki sachche parinam deta hai.

Dasara / Dussehra (दशहरा) / Durga Puja ki ahmiyat

Dussehra / dasara ka saanskrtik pahloo bhi hai. Bharat krshi pradhaan desh hai. jab kisan apane khet mein sunahari phasal ugaakar anaaj roopi sampatti ghar laata hai to uski khushi, ullaas aur umang ka thikana nahin rahta. Is khushi ke mauke par wah bhagavaan ki krpa ko maanta hai aur use prakat karane ke lie wah uska poojan karta hai. samast Bharat mein yah parv alag-alag states mein different prakar se manaya jata hai. Maharashtra mein is mauke par silangan (सिलंगण) ke nam se samajik mahotsav ke roop mein bhi isako manaya jata hai. Sham ke samay par sabhi gaon wale sundar-sundar naye kapdon (clothes) se susajjit hokar gaon ki sima par kar shamee vrksh (शमी वृक्ष) ke patton ke roop mein svarn (स्वर्ण) lootkar apane gaon mein vapas aate hain. phir us svarn ka paraspar aadaan-pradaan kiya jaata hai.

Bharat ke different states ka Dussehra

Dussehra ya vijayadashami Ram ki vijay ke roop mein manaya jaye ya durga pooja ke roop mein, donon hi roopon mein yah shakti pooja ka parv hai, shastr poojan ki tithi hai. Desh ke kone-kone mein yah different roopon se manaya jaata hai, balki yah utane hi josh aur ullaas se dosare deshon mein bhi manaaya jaata jahan pravaasee bharatiye rahte hain.

Himachal pradesh mein kulloo ka Dussehra

Himachal pradesh mein kulloo ka Dussehra / dasara bahut famous hai. Dusre jagahon ki tarah yahan bhi das din ya ek week pahle hi is parv ki taiyari aarambh ho jaati hai. Ladies aur Gents sabhi sundar kapdo se saj kar turahi, bigul, dhol, nagade, bansuri aadi-aadi jiske paas jo instrument hota hai, use lekar baahar nikalte hain. Pahadi log apane gramin Devata ka dhoom-dhaam se juloos nikal kar poojan karte hain. devataon ki moortiyon ko bahut hi aakarshak paalkee mein sundar dhang se sajaya jaata hai. saath hi wah apane mukhy devata raghunaath jee ki bhi pooja karte hain. is juloos mein prashikshit dancer dance karte hain. Is prakar juloos banakar shahar ke mukhy hisson se hote hue shahar ki parikrama karte hain. aur kulloo nagar mein devata raghunaathajee ki vandana se dashahare ke utsav ka aarambh karte hain. dashami ke din is utsav kie shobha niraali hoti hai.

Panjaab mein Dussehra navratri

Panjab mein Dussehra navaratri ke 9 din ka upavas rakhkar manate hain. is dauran yahan aane walon ka welcome paramprik mithai (sweets) aur gift se kiya jata hai. yahan bhi raavan-dahan ke aayojan hote hain, Yahan maidanon mein mele lagte hain.

Bastar mein Dussehra  navratri

Bastar mein Dussehra ke mukhy karan ko Ram ki raavan par vijay na mankar, log ise “maa danteshvari ki aaradhana ko samarpit” ek festival mante hain. Danteshvari maata bastar anchal ke nivasiyon ki aaradhy devi hain, jo durga ka hi roop hain. yahan yah parv poore 75 din chalata hai. yahan Dussehra / dasara shraavan (श्रावण) mahine ki amaavas se aashvin mahine ki shukl trayodashi tak chalata hai. pahle din jise kachhin gaadi kahte hain, devi se samaroh shuru ki anumati li jati hai. devi ek kanton ki sej par virajamaan hoti hain, jise kaachhin gaadi kahte hain. yah kanya ek anusoochit jaati kee hai, jisse bastar ke raja parivaar ke log anumati lete hain. yah samaaroh lagabhag 15vi shatabdi se shuru hua tha. iske baad jogi-bithai hoti hai, iske baad bhitar raini (vijayadashami) aur baahar raini (rath-yaatra) aur ant mein muriya darabar hota hai. isaka samapan ashvin shukl trayodashi ko ohaadi (ओहाड़ी) festival se hota hai.

“Padhne ke liye aap ka dhannewad”

 

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