Diwali ( Deepawali /Deepavali , दीपावली ) means “festival of lights”, is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated every year in the Autumn (northern hemisphere). Diwali is one of India’s largest and most important festivals. This festival reflects the triumph of light on spiritual darkness.
In all the festivals celebrated in India, Deepawali is of great importance both in social and religious terms. It is also called a lamp festival, It is the order of the Upanishads ‘Tamuso Jyoturgamayam’ that is, ‘Go from darkness to light that is to go towards the light’. It also celebrates by Sikhs, Buddhists and Jainism. People of Jainism celebrate it as Mahavir’s salvation day and the Sikh community celebrates it as a day of exile.
It is believed that on the day of Diwali, Raja of Ayodhya had returned after his exile for fourteen years. The heart of the people of Ayodhya’s was energized by the arrival of his beloved King. In the welcome of Shri Ram, the people of Ayodhya used to burn the ghee lamp. That dark night of the dark day of Kartik Massa lit up the light of the lights. From then onwards, the Indian celebrates this festival of light every year with joy and glee. This festival falls in the month of October or November according to the Gregorian calendar.
Deepawali is the festival of lamps. Indians believe that truth is always won, lies are destroyed. This is what Diwali performs – that is, I am good, Deepawali is the festival of cleanliness and light. Diwali ( Deepavali ) preparations are started several weeks ago. People start the cleaning work of their homes, shops etc. The work of repairing houses, painting, whitening etc. is started. People also decorate shops cleanly. The streets in the markets are also decorated with golden flags. Before Diwali, the houses and the neighbourhood are all clean and decorated.
Diwali is a government holiday on the outskirts of Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Malaysia, Singapore, Fiji, Pakistan and Australia.
Deepawali dates in 2019
- Deepawali Day 1: 25-10-2019 Friday / शुक्रवार – Govatsa Dwadashi Day
- Deepawali Day 2: 26-10-2019 Saturday / शनिवार – Yama Deepam Day
- Deepawali Day 3: 27-10-2019 Sunday / रविवार – Narak Chaturdashi Day
- Deepawali Day 4: 28-10-2019 Monday / सोमवार – Diwali Snan Day
- Deepawali Day 5: 29-10-2019 Tuesday / मंगलवार – Bhaiya Dooj Day
Origins of the Word Diwali
The word Diwali is derived from a mixture of Sanskrit words ‘deep’ means ‘Diya’ and ‘awli’ means ‘line’ or ‘series’. In its celebration, millions of Diya are ignited at the doorways, houses and temples.
History of Diwali
Since ancient times in India, Diwali was shown as a festival after the summer crop of Kartik month of Hindu calendar. Diwali is mentioned in the Sanskrit texts Padma Purana and Skanda Purana which is believed to have been written by expanding any central text in the second part of the first millennium. Diya (lamp) is believed to represent parts of the sun in Skanda Purana, the Sun, which is the cosmic donor of light and energy for life, and according to the Hindu calendar, it changes its status in the Kartik month. In some areas, the Hindu also connects Diwali with the story of Yama and Nachiketa. The story of Nachiketa tells about right versus wrong, knowledge versus ignorance, true money vs. transient wealth etc. The first millennium BC has been recorded in the Upanishad.
In the Sanskrit drama Naganand of the 7th century, King Harsha called it Deep Pratipadotsava: In which the burnt offerings were given and the gifts to the bride and groom were given to the bride. In the 9th century, Rajasekhara has called it Deepmalaika in poetry. Houses were painted and homes, roads and markets were decorated in the night by the oil lamps. Persian traveller and historian Al Barunini, in his 11th century on India In the memoir, Diwali is the festival celebrated by Hindus on the day of the new moon in Kartik month.
The importance of Diwali
Deepawali is one of the most enjoyable holidays in Nepal and India. People clean up their homes and decorate them for the festival. For the Nepalese, this festival is so great because since this day the New Year starts in Nepal Samvat.
Deepawali is one of the largest shopping seasons in Nepal and India; During this time people buy expensive items in the form of cars and gold ornaments and clothes, gifts, appliances, kitchen utensils etc. for themselves and their families. People usually gifts to their family members and friends Sweets and dried fruits. On this day, children hear about ancient stories, myths about the fight between good and evil or light and darkness from their parents and elders. During this time, girls and women go shopping and make rangoli and other creative patterns on the floor, door and passageways. Young and adult assist each other in fireworks and lighting.
Changes in practices and customs are found on a regional basis. Goddess of wealth and prosperity – Lakshmi or more gods are worshipped. On the night of Diwali, the fireworks illuminate the sky. Later, family members and invited friends celebrate the night with food and sweets.
The spiritual significance of Diwali
Deepawali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains and Sikhs to mark various historical events, stories or myths, but they show the victory of hope on goodness, light on darkness, wisdom on ignorance and disappointment.
In Hindu philosophy, Yoga, Vedanta, and Samyakhi Vidyalaya all believe that there is something beyond this physical body and mind that is pure infinite, and eternal, which is called soul. Diwali is an inner light on spiritual darkness, knowledge on ignorance, truth on untruth and good on evil.
Hindu Religion believes in Diwali
Diwali is celebrated in the honour of Goddess of wealth Lakshmi. The religious significance of Deepawali depends on Hindu philosophy, regional myths, legends, and beliefs.
According to ancient Hindu texts Ramayana, many people consider Deepawali as a respect for the return of Lord Rama and wife Sita and their brother Lakshman after 14 years of exile. According to other ancient Hindu epic Mahabharata, some Deepavali After 12 years of exile and 1 year of ignorance, they believe in the symbol of the return of Pandavas. Many Hindus consider Deepawali to be the wife of Lord Vishnu and associated with Goddess Laxmi of festivity, wealth and prosperity.
Deepawali ‘s five-day festival starts with the birthday of Goddess Lakshmi, born of the churning of cosmic ocean of milk by deities and demons. The night of Deepawali ( Deepavali ) is the day when Lakshmi chose Vishnu as her husband and then married them. Ganesh symbolizes the Lakshmi, along with Lakshmi, to overcome the obstacles; Saraswati, the symbol of music, literature; and the money manager offers offerings to Kuber. Some celebrate Diwali as a day of return in Vishnu’s Vaikuntha. It is believed that on this day Lakshmi is happy and those who worship her on that day, she is far away from mental and physical afflictions during the year ahead.
Eastern region of India, Orissa and West Bengal worship Kali in place of Lakshmi, and this festival is called Kali Puja. In Mathura and north-central regions, it is associated with Lord Krishna. In other areas, Govardhan Puja (or Annikoot) is celebrated with 56 or 108 different dishes for Krishna and is organized jointly by the local community. Diwali festival is a symbol of the beginning of a new Hindu year in some western and northern parts of India.
There are different reasons or stories behind the practice of lamp lighting. According to Ram devotees, on the Diwali day, the tyrannical king of Ram Lanka, King of Ayodhya, had returned to Ayodhya after killing Ravana. People still celebrate this festival in their return to happiness. The people of Krishna Bhaktikhara believe that Lord Krishna had killed the tyrannical King Narakasur on this day. The massacre of this brutal monster spread to the public a lot and the people filled with happy ghee Lets burn them. According to a legend, Vishnu had killed Narayan Singh as a Narasimha, killing Hiranyakashipa and on this day Lakshmi and Lord Swaminarayan appeared.
Jain’s believe in Diwali
According to Jain opinion, twenty-four Tirthankars, Mahavir Swami had attained liberation on this day. On this day, only Gautam Gandather had received his first disciple.
Sikh’s believe in Diwali
Diwali is also important for Sikhs because on this day the foundation stone of Golden Temple was completed in Amritsar in 1577. Apart from this, 1619 Guru Hargobind Singhji, the sixth Guru of the Sikhs, was released from prison on Diwali.
The historical significance of Diwali
Born in Punjab, the birth and birthdate of Swami Ramitirtha were both on Diwali. While taking a bath on Gangakat on Deepawali, he took Samadhi called ‘Om’. Maharishi Dayanand became a great Jananayak of Indian culture and took expanses near Ajmer on the day of Deepawali ( Deepavali ). He established the Arya Samaj. During the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar of Din-i-Elahi, a large awning was hanged on 40 yards high bamboos in front of the Daulat Khana, on the day of Deepawali. Emperor Jahangir also used to celebrate Deepawali with pomp. Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last emperor of the Mughal dynasty, celebrated Diwali as a festival and he participated in the events organized on this occasion. In the time of Shah Alam II, the entire Shahi Mahal was decorated with lamps and both Hindus and Muslims used to participate in programs organized in the Red Fort.
The economic importance of Diwali
The festival of Diwali is a symbol of a major shopping period in India. In terms of consumer purchase and economic activities, Diwali is equivalent to Christmas in the west. This festival is the time for new clothes, home furnishings, gifts, gold and other great shopping. Spending and purchasing on this festival are considered auspicious because Lakshmi is considered to be the Goddess of wealth, prosperity, and investment. Diwali is the largest season of gold and jewellery purchases in India. The purchase of sweets, candy and fireworks also stays at its peak during this period. Every year during Diwali, fireworks worth five thousand crores are consumed.
In other parts of the world how Diwali celebrates
Deepawali is particularly celebrated all over the world, especially with the Hindu, Jain and Sikh communities. These include Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Mauritius, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Netherlands, Canada, United Arab Emirates, and the United States of America. Due to the understanding of Indian culture and the global migration of people of Indian origin, the numbers of countries who consider Diwali ( Deepavali ) are increasing gradually. In some countries it is celebrated primarily by the Indian immigrants, in other places, it is becoming a part of the general local culture. In most of these countries, Diwali is celebrated on the same pattern as described in this article with some minor changes, but some important variations are worth mentioning.
Diwali in Asia
Deepavali in Nepal
Deepawali is known as “Tihar” or “Swati”. This is celebrated in Nepal with Deepawali for a period of five days. But there are variations from Nepal in traditions. On the first day, on Kori Tihar, the Kau is given the prasad due to the recognition of being the angel of God. On the second day on Kukur Tihar, dogs are given food for their honesty. After Cork and Kukur Tihar, cow and bull are decorated in cow, Tihar and Gauru Tihar. On the third day, Lakshmi Puja is performed. According to this Nepal Samvat, this is the last day of the year, on this day merchants cleared all their accounts and finished them. Before Lakshmi Puja, the house is cleaned and decorated; on the day of Lakshmi Puja, oil grains are lit to the doors and windows. The fourth day is celebrated as the New Year. Cultural parades and other ceremonies are also celebrated on this day. The fifth and final day is called “brother vaccines”, meet brothers and sisters, wear each other and pray for good. The vaccine is placed on the forehead. Brother gives gifts to his sisters and flows them to feed.
Deepavali in Malaysia
Deepawali is a federal public holiday in Malaysia. Even here, it is largely celebrated with the traditions of the Indian subcontinent. The ‘Open Houses’ are organized by Malaysian Hindus (Tamil, Telugu and Malayali) in which welcome Malaysians from different castes and religions in their home for food are welcomed. The festival of Diwali in Malaysia has become an opportunity for religious goodwill and friendly relations between Malaysia’s religious and ethnic groups.
Deepavali in Singapore
Deepawali ( Deepavali ) is a gazetted public holiday. It is celebrated mainly by the minority Indian community (Tamil), it is usually marked by light-ups by the Indian community, in small Indian districts. Apart from this, other activities such as markets, exhibitions, parades and music are also included in the area of Little India. Along with the Government of Singapore, the Hindu Endowment Board of Singapore organizes many cultural programs during this festival.
Deepavali in Sri Lanka
This festival is celebrated by the Tamil community as a public holiday in this island country. On this day, people usually take a bath with oil in the morning, new clothes are worn, and gifts are given, coils (Hindu temples) for Pusai (worship). Burning crackers on the evening of the festival is a common practice. In order to remove all the evils from the house for blessings and forever for the sake of Hindus, Goddess Lakshmi of the wealth is invited by burning the oil. Apart from celebrating in Sri Lanka, sports, fireworks, singing and dance, and banquets are organized.
Diwali in beyond Asia
Deepavali in Australia
In Melbourne, Australia, Deepawali is publicly celebrated between the people of Indian origin and the local people. On Federation Square, Deepavali has been adopted by the Victorian population and mainstream enthusiastically. Celebrate India Inc had started Deepawali celebrations at the prestigious Federation Square in Melbourne in 2006. Now this ceremony has become part of the Melbourne Art Calendar, and this festival is celebrated in the city for more than a week.
Many prestigious buildings, including the Victorian Parliament, Melbourne Museum, Federation Square, Melbourne Airport and the Indian Consulate, are decorated more this week. Along with that, many outdoor dances are performed. This incident of Deepawali regularly attracts organizations and artists like National Organizations AFL, Cricket Australia, White Ribbon, and Melbourne Airport. It displays the Indian community as a huge event by a team of volunteers and their involvement and contribution.
Due to the number of people arriving in a week’s time during this festival alone, Diwali is recognized as the biggest celebration in Australia on Federation Square. On Australian External Territory, on Christmas Island, Deepawali is recognized as a public holiday, along with other local festivals in many islands of Australia and Malaysia.
Deepavali in the United States of American
In the United States — thousands of American Hindus celebrate one of Hinduism’s most important festivals, Diwali, or the Festival of Lights. The five-day holiday marks the triumph of good over evil, knowledge over ignorance and light over darkness as symbolized by the burning oil lamps called diyas.
Deepavali in Britain (United Kingdom)
Indians celebrate Diwali with great enthusiasm in the UK. People decorate and clean their homes with lamps and candles. Diya is a type of famous candle. People also share sweet sweets like laddoo and barfi, and people from different communities gather for a religious festival and participate in it. It is also a great opportunity to contact the family in India and possibly the exchange of gifts.
The appreciation of more and more non-Hindu citizens of the broader British as the consciousness has begun to be accepted for the festival of Deepawali and on this occasion they celebrate Hinduism. Celebrating this festival of Hindus throughout the whole of Britain brings the opportunity of understanding the different cultures to the rest of the community. During the last decade, national and citizens such as Prince Charles Leaders have participated in some of the major Hindu temples, such as the Swaminarayan Temple located in Neasden, UK, to celebrate the Diwali festival, and to commend the contribution of the Hindu community for British life. They used this opportunity.
Deepavali in New Zealand
In New Zealand, Deepawali is celebrated publicly among many of the cultural groups of South Asian migrants. A large group in New Zealand believes Diwali, a member of the Indo-Fijian communities which are migrated and settled there. Diwali was held in 2003, after an official reception, on New Zealand Parliament. Diwali is celebrated by Hindus. The festival symbolizes the triumph of light on darkness, justice on injustice, evil over ignorance and good on intelligence.
Deepavali in Fiji
In Fiji, Deepawali is a public holiday and this religious festival is celebrated together by Hindus (which constitute about one-third of Fiji’s population), and culturally participate among Fiji’s race members. And it comes to a lot of time after year once in a year. It was originally celebrated by the indentured labourers imported from the Indian subcontinent during British rule in the then Colony of Fiji during the 19th century; as the wishes of the government, the three largest religions of Fiji, i.e., Christianity, Hinduism and Islam It was founded in 1970 as a holiday on freedom for the establishment of a separate religious public holiday of each of them.
Diwali in Africa
Deepavali in Mauritius
This is an official public holiday in the African-Hindu majority of Mauritius.
Deepavali in Reunion
In Réunion, a quarter of the total population is of Indian origin and it is celebrated by the Hindus.
Deepavali is the group of festivals
On Diwali day, fairs are held at different places in India. Deepavali is not a day festival, but a group of festivals. Deepawali preparations are started after Dussehra. People wear new clothes. The festival of Dhanteras comes two days before Deepawali. On this day there is a crowd of people everywhere in the markets. Speciality decorations and crowds are seen in the shops of the kitchens.
On the day of Dhanteras, it is considered auspicious to buy kitchenware, and every family makes some purchases according to their own needs. On this day, a lamp is lit at basil or door of the house. The next day is hell Chaturdashi or a small lamp. Lamps are lit for yam worship on this day. The next day comes Diwali ( Deepavali ). Various types of dishes are prepared in the homes this morning. In the markets, idols of Khayal, Satsi, Khatta Toys, Lakshmi-Ganesh etc. are being sold.
Deepawali’s evening Lakshmi and Ganesh Ji are worshipped. After worship, people keep lamp and candles burning out of their homes. The brightest lamps around look very beautiful. Market and lanes arise from the colourful light bulbs. Children enjoy different types of fireworks and fireworks. People of all ages enjoy the colourful sparkling, fireworks and pomegranates. By late night, Kartik’s dark night looks even more luminous than the full moon.
The day after Diwali, the Govardhan Mountain was built on his finger and made for the Brajwans who were drowned with Indra’s wrath. On the same day, people decorate their cow and make a mountain of cow dung and worship it. The next day is the festival of Bhai Duj. Bhai Duj or Bhaiya Duji is also called Yama II. On this day, brother and sister tie a knot and go to the river to have a bath, as according to the rituals. This day, the sister wishes her mang by putting a tilak on her brother’s head and the brother also gives her a gift in reply.
On the second day of Diwali, traders change their old bookkeeping. They worship Lakshmi in shops. He believes that due to this, the Goddess of wealth is especially compassionate to them. This festival has special significance for the farming class. Farmers’ barns become rich due to the harvesting of the Kharif crop. The farming community celebrates this festival of prosperity.
The tradition of Deepavali
This festival of light on darkness spreads the message of glee, brother-love and love in society. This festival is a special festival celebrated in both collective and personal manner, which has religious, cultural and social exclusivity. Due to the celebration of Diwali in every province or region, there are different ways, but this festival has been going on for many generations in all places. People are very excited about Diwali. People clean the corners of their houses, wear new clothes. Due to the celebration of Diwali in every province or region, there are different ways, but this festival has been going on for many generations in all places. People are very excited about Diwali.
Controversial facts about Diwali festival
Along with other major festivals in the world, Diwali’s environmental and health effects are worrying.
Air pollution during the Deepavali festival
According to scholars, there is not much air pollution during fireworks as after the fireworks. Which is twice as bad every time from the level of Pre-Diwali and worse than the average level of normal days. Due to this study, it shows that the fine particle of dust in the air after energetic (en: PM2.5) is present in the air. This pollution level lasts for one day, and the pollutant concentration starts returning to the actual level after 24 hours.
Incidents of burning during Deepavali festival
Increase in burn injuries in India during Diwali fireworks has been found. An archer named Anar has been found to cause 65% of the injuries. Most adults are victims of this. The newspaper advises to immediately sprinkle cold water on the burnt portion to help reduce the effects with proper nursing on the wound. Most injuries are small, which are filled after the first aid.
Celebrate Diwali without fireworks (Request from Eguardian India)
You all know that the use of firecrackers in Diwali is very loud in India. It is believed that on the day of Diwali, the pollution of India increases by 50%. I request you all that this time the celebration of Diwali without crackers. By using crackers for a whole lot of fun we waste our environment to a great extent. Fireworks are very harmful to both our body and the environment.
Due to fireworks in Diwali, we increase the pollution of not only India but also the world. Due to firecrackers, there are many types of accidents in which children and older all fall prey, Due to the smoke of firecrackers, there is an infection of asthma, pallet and other types of major diseases. All types of pollution are caused due to firecrackers, like noise pollution, air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution, etc.
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