Different kinds of landforms Ι Name the different types of landforms.
There are the following types of landforms listed and explained below:
- Mountains: Mountains are areas higher than the surrounding areas which were formed due to the tectonic movements, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and even the erosion of the surrounding areas caused due to wind, water and ice.
- Plateaus: Plateaus are nothing but flat highlands that are separated from the surroundings due to steep slopes. Collisions of tectonic plates, magma action that causes the elevation in the earth’s crust etc can all lead to the formation of plateaus.
- Valleys: Valleys are flat areas between hills and mountains and are caused due to the actions of glaciers and rivers over millions of years. Valleys are divided into two kinds depending on their shape viz. V-shaped valleys and U shaped valleys.
- Deserts: The desert is a dry piece of land with little or no vegetation due to a lack of adequate rainfall. They are found mainly in rain shadow areas. The desert is leeward of a mountain region with respect to the wind direction.
- Islands: An island is a piece of land that is surrounded by water from all sides. Islands are formed either due to volcanic eruptions or due to hot spots in the lithosphere.
- Plains: Plains are the landforms that form the flat or the low relief areas on the surface of the earth. This type of landform might be formed as a result of the sedimentation of eroded soil from the top of the hills and mountains or might be due to flowing lava.
- Rivers: Rivers are natural flowing streams of freshwater descending from mountains flowing toward a lake, sea, ocean or another river. Occasionally, a river just flows into the ground or dries up entirely before reaching another water body.
- An Ocean: An Ocean is the biggest water body found on earth and is saline in nature. Oceans cover over 71% of the earth’s surface and also play an important role in controlling the weather and climate of the earth. Oceans originated due to continental drifts.
- Loess: Loess are deposits of salt mixed with a little amount of sand and clay. Loess can be the result of wind or glacial activities.
- Glaciers: Glaciers are slow-moving huge bodies of ice that take shape due to the compression of the snow layers. Glaciers move depending on the pressure and gravity.
There are many different types of landforms that can be found all over the world. From mountains and valleys to plateaus and plains, each type of landform has its own unique characteristics and geological features.
By understanding the different kinds of landforms, we can better appreciate the natural beauty of our planet and learn about how these formations were created over time.
So next time you go out exploring or hiking, take a moment to appreciate the diverse and stunning landscapes that make up our world!